Be FarsiMonde xosh umadin
This is the first page that beginners may start with since it is named as “basics in Farsi”. It is why we are welcoming you in Persian. We are honored to accompany you in your discovery of Persian language and the land of Persia. In this section, you are going to learn the basic greetings in Farsi and a few cultural facts. So, let’s start our journey.
In Farsi, you can say hello in a couple of ways, but the most frequent is “salâm”. Almost all conversations start with this magic word. Even if you want to greet someone by other expressions such as “good morning”, you should first say “salâm” and then “sobh be xeyr”. To know the importance of saying “hi” you only need to know that Iranians believe “salâm salâmati miyâre”, saying “hi” brings health. Moreover, age differences and social ranks play important roles among Iranians. So it is the younger people’s duty to say “salâm” first.
The level of formality has also impact on the way you ask “how are you?” Here are the phrases ordered from informal to formal:
– xubi? very friendly
– četori? friendly
– hâlet četore(h)? friendly
– hâletun četore(h)? formal
The difference between “hâlet četore(h)?” and “hâletun četore(h)?” is that the former is singular while the latter is plural. In Farsi, you can use plural pronouns to address a person who is older than you or who is not a person you know.
In Iran, when we meet a close friend or relative, we ask not only how she/he is but also how her/his family members are. This is a part of greeting when we meet up or when we talk on the phone. So don’t get surprised if somebody asks you if your parents are fine.