Salâm

Be FarsiMonde xosh umadin

This is the first page that beginners may start with since it is named as “basics in Farsi”. It is why we are welcoming you in Persian. We are honored to accompany you in your discovery of Persian language and the land of Persia. In this section, you are going to learn the basic greetings in Farsi and a few cultural facts. So, let’s start our journey.

In Farsi, you can say hello in a couple of ways, but the most frequent is “salâm”. Almost all conversations start with this magic word. Even if you want to greet someone by other expressions such as “good morning”, you should first say “salâm” and then “sobh be xeyr”. To know the importance of saying “hi” you only need to know that Iranians believe “salâm salâmati miyâre”, saying “hi” brings health. Moreover, age differences and social ranks play important roles among Iranians. So it is the younger people’s duty to say “salâm” first.

The level of formality has also impact on the way you ask “how are you?” Here are the phrases ordered from informal to formal:

– xubi? very friendly

– četori? friendly

– hâlet četore(h)? friendly

– hâletun četore(h)? formal

The difference between “hâlet četore(h)?” and  “hâletun četore(h)?” is that the former is singular while the latter is plural. In Farsi, you can use plural pronouns to address a person who is older than you or who is not a person you know.

In Iran, when we meet a close friend or relative, we ask not only how she/he is but also how her/his family members are. This is a part of greeting when we meet up or when we talk on the phone. So don’t get surprised if somebody asks you if your parents are fine.

GREETING - Hello Goodbye in Farsi Greeting

Some Basic Phrases

English Pronunciation Farsi
hello salâm سَلام
good morning sobh be(h) xeyr صُبح به خِیر
good time  vaqt be(h) xeyr وَقت به خِیر
good day ruz be(h) xeyr روز به خِیر
good evening ‘asr be(h) xeyr عَصر به خِیر
yes bale(h) بَله
yep âre(h) آره
no na(h) نَه
yeah (informal) âre(h) bâbâ آره بابا
nop (informal) na(h) bâbâ نَه بابا
O.K. bâše(h) باشه
all right xeyli xob خِیلی خُب
are you ok? xubi? خوبی؟
how are you? četori? چِطوری؟
how are you? hâlet četore(h)? حالِت چِطوره؟
thanks mersi مِرسی
thank you mamnun مَمنون
thanks a lot xeyli mamnun خِیلی مَمنون
thank you tašakor تَشَکُر
I am fine, and you? man xubam, to četori? مَن خوبَم، تو چِطوری؟
what’s up? če(h) xabar? چه خَبَر؟
nothing new salâmti, xabari nist سَلامَتی، خَبَری نیست
excuse-me bebaxšid بِبَخشید
sorry mote’assefam مُتَأسِّفَم
I don’t speak Persian man fârsi balad nistam مَن فارسی بَلَد نیستَم
I don’t know nemidunam نِمی دونَم
I didn’t understand nafahmidam نَفَهمیدَم
please lotfan لُطفاً
there you go befarmâ, befarmâyin بِفَرما/بِفَرمایین
you’re welcome xâheš mikonam خواهِش می کُنَم
have a good day ruz-e xubi dâšte(h) bâši روزِ خوبی داشته باشی
see you mibinamet می بینَمِت
goodbye xodâhâfez, xodânegahdâr خُداحافِظ/خُدانِگَهدار
stay healthy (an answer to goodbye) be(h) salâmat به سَلامَت
good night šab be(h) xeyr شَب به خِیر
have a good night šabet xoš شَبِت خوش
have a good sleep xub bexâbi خوب بِخوابی

If you want to continue this road you can find more than hello goodbye in Farsi phrases in this post: Click Here

Saying Hi in Persian

In Farsi, you can say hello in a couple of ways, but the most frequent is “salâm”. Almost all conversations start with this magic word. Even if you want to greet someone by other expressions such as “good morning”, you should first say “salâm” and then “sobh be xeyr”. To know the importance of saying “hi” you only need to know that Iranians believe “salâm salâmati miyâre”, saying “hi” brings health. Moreover, age differences and social ranks play important roles among Iranians. So it is the younger people’s duty to say “salâm” first.
The level of formality has also impact on the way you ask “how are you?” Here are the phrases ordered from informal to formal:
– xubi? very friendly
– četori? friendly
– hâlet četore(h)? friendly
– hâletun četore(h)? formal

Saying Goodbye in Persian

Persian speakers often use the phrase “xodâhâfez”, or the short form of it “xodâfez” to say goodbye. The phrase means “God keeps you safe”. As in other languages, there are more different phrases to say goodbye, such as “be salâmat”, “khodânegahdâr” or “tâ fardâ”. “xodânegahdâr” is semantically the same as “xodâhâfez”, but it is a bit more formal.

Yes No in Farsi

“Yes” and “no” are the easiest words to learn in all languages. It’s the same in Persian, but you’d better to keep in mind some tips:
– “bali” and “xeyr” are mostly written forms and we don’t use them in daily talk, even in formal situations. When someone calls our name, we say “bale(h)” to answer not “âre(h). In other situations both words can be used according to formality level. “Bale(h) is more formal than “âre(h)”.
– There are informal ways of saying “yes” such as “âre(h) bâbâ” or even “hâ bâbâ” and “no” such as “na(h) bâbâ” or “noč”. The latter can be considerd as rude, though.

Thanking in Farsi

Have you ever heard about “tâ’rof” in Iranian culture? If yes, you know how complicated it is. If not, we try to explain this important cultural fact in our videos and lessons. Ready to start? Here are some tips for beginners:
– In Iran, we usually thank people more than once for any favor they do for us. It is why we have borrowed thanking words from other languages such as “mersi” and “tašakkor” to enrich our thanking culture. In this video, you are learning a couple of these phrases. There are many more to learn.
– One of the very famous “tâ’rof” terms is “qabel nadâre(h)” which literally means “it doesn’t have any value”. It can be translated as “de rien” in French or “it is nothing” or “don’t mention it” in English. You may hear this phrase anytime you ask for price, do payment or receive a gift. So, try to learn and get used to this expression.
– In Farsi, you cannot leave a “tâ’rof” unanswered. For thanking ones, you can usually use “xâheš mikonam”.

Greetings in Farsi

In Persian, there are different ways for greetings. The phrase that we choose usually depends to the context and the formality degree. In many languages including Persian, one of the most important politeness formulas is using plural you, “šomâ” to address people who are older than us or have higher rank. You can apply the same rule for greeting people. Let’s take a look at the phrases you are learning in this video:
– xubi? → very friendly
– četori? → very friendly
– hâlet četore(h)? → for people in the same rank as you
– hâletun četore(h)? for people who are older than you or in higher rank than you
– hâl-e šomâ četore(h)? for people who are older than you or in higher rank than you (can be used in written form)