We have mentioned many times that the short vowels in Farsi script are not usually written. But what if they come at the end of a word? In the previous lesson, you learned that if “o” comes at the end of a word, you need to show it by adding an “u” to the end. What about “e” or “a”? How do we show the difference between “xân” and “xâne” if we do not write this little “e.” Here is where this (h) helps us. You may have seen words ending with “e(h)” on FarsiMonde. This (h) is in parenthesis because it is written but it is not pronounced. This silent “h” shows that a word is ended either with “e” or “a.” In Iranian Farsi, “a(h)” is very rare while in Tajiki and Dari all the “e(h)” changes to “a(h)”. For example, “baste(h),” which means closed, is pronounced as “basta(h)” in Dari and Tajiki.
Learning how to write “x” opens a new window in writing Persian sentences because you can now write many verbs in the present and past. For instance, “mixoram (I eat),” “mixaram (I buy),” “mixânam (I read),” and “mixâham (I want).” Let’s try writing some of them.
1. to xâme(h) dust dâri? = Do you like cream?
you cream friend do.2SG ?
2. na(h), man xâme(h) nemixoram. = No, I do not eat cream
no, I cream not.eat. 1SG
3. in xânom se(h) doxtar dârad. = This lady has three daughters.
this lady three daughter have.3SG
4. ânâha šeš bastani mixarand. = They are buying six ice creams.
they six ice-cream buy.3 PL
5. u diruz sib xarid. = He bought apple yesterday.
s/he yesterday apple buy.PST.3SG
FarsiMonde’s tutors attempt to make learning the Persian Alphabet simple and enjoyable; therefore, we designed writing exercises you can work on at the end of each video. Click on bellow to start the new lesson’s quiz.