Numbers in Farsi

Persian Digits

Learning numbers in Farsi is not complicated while it is very useful. Going to an exchange office on your arrival is probably the first thing you need to do. In the office, after saying “salâm” you will negotiate over the exchange rate. For asking prices, bargaining, or even giving addresses, learning numbers is a necessity, so try to memorize them during your flight, before landing. But make sure to read these important notes before using numbers.

– Farsi and Dari, are written from right to left, but not when it comes to numbers. In the both languages, numbers are written and read from left to right.

– Numbers are the same in Dari and Farsi, with slight differences in pronunciation. The following table illustrates the mentioned differences.

numbers - Numbers in Farsi
Number Persian Iranian Dari
1 yek yak
6 šeš šaš
17 hefdah hafdah
18 hejdah haždah
200 devist dosad
300 sisad sesad
1000 hezâr yak hazâr

Structure

– In Farsi, nouns coming after numbers are always singular; for instance, “two apples” is translated to “do sib” not “do sib-hâ” because “do” already shows that sib is plural and adding “-hâ” is considered as redundant.

– All ordinal numbers in Farsi end in “om”. The only one that changes totally is “first” which is “avval” in Farsi although you may also hear “yekom” or “naxost”.

– In Farsi, “va” means “and”, but most of the time it changes to “-o” in spoken Farsi. Sometimes this “-o” may lead to misunderstanding, especially when Farsi speakers say the numbers. For instance, 104 is “sad-o čâhâr”, but it may be heard as “sad-do- čâhâr” (100-2-4). So, try to listen very carefully when you are asking prices or phone numbers.

– In Farsi, we usually do not say numbers one by one. For instance, for saying years we say them all together. Take 1982 as an example which is pronounced as “hezâr-o nohsad-o haštâd-o do”. Phone numbers are usually said 3 by 3 or any combination that makes it easier to pronounce or memorize.

A VERY IMPORTANT NOTE:

Talking about prices and money is not easy in Iran. Most probably it is easier in Afghanistan and Tajikistan. In Iran, the currency is called Riyâl, but in our daily conversations we use “Tumân” or “Toman”. Riâl has one zero more than Tumân. Moreover, we usually omit thousand in daily talk. So, when a shopkeeper tells you that a kilo of apples costs 20T, s/he actually means 20.000T which means 200.000R.

Persian Iranian Numbers

English Pronunciation Farsi
0 sefr صِفر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/00-0/”]
1 yek یِک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/01-1/”]
2 do دو [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/02-2/”]
3 se(h) سه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/03-3/”]
4 čâhâr چهار [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/04-4/”]
5 panj پنج [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/05-5/”]
6 šeš شِش [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/06-6/”]
7 haft هَفت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/07-7/”]
8 hašt هَشت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/08-8/”]
9 noh نُه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/09-9/”]
10 dah دَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/10-10/”]
11 yâzdah یازدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/11-11/”]
12 davâzdah دَوازدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/12-12/”]
13 sizdah سیزدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/13-13/”]
14 čâhârdah چهاردَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/14-14/”]
15 punzdah پونزدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/15-15/”]
16 šunzdah شونزدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/16-16/”]
17 hefdah هِفدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/17-17/”]
18 hejdah هِجدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/18-18/”]
19 nuzdah نوزدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/19-19/”]
20 bist بیست [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/20-20/”]
30 si سی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/21-30/”]
40 čehel چِهِل [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/22-40/”]
50 panjâh پَنجاه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/23-50/”]
60 šast شَصت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/24-60/”]
70 haftâd هَفتاد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/25-70/”]
80 haštâd هَشتاد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/26-80/”]
90 navad نَوَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/27-90/”]
100 sad صَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/28-100/”]
21 bist-o yek بیست و یِک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/29-21/”]
32 si-o do سی و دو [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/30-32/”]
43 čehel-o se(h) چِهِل و سه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/31-43/”]
54 panjâh-o čâhâr پَنجاه و چهار [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/32-54/”]
65 šast-o panj شَصت و پَنج [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/33-65/”]
76 haftâd-o šiš هَفتاد و شیش [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/34-76/”]
87 haštâd-o haft هَشتاد و هَفت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/35-87/”]
98 navad-o hašt نَوَد و هَشت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/36-98/”]
109 sad-o noh صَد و نه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/37-109/”]
200 devist دِویست [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/38-200/”]
300 sisad سیصَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/39-300/”]
400 čâhârsad چهارصَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/40-400/”]
500 punsad پانصَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/41-500/”]
600 šišsad شیشصَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/42-600/”]
700 haftsad هَفتصَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/43-700/”]
800 haštsad هَشتصَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/44-800/”]
900 nohsad نُهصَد [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/45-900/”]
1000 hezâr هِزار [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/46-1000/”]

Some Random Farsi Numbers

English Pronunciation Farsi
234 devist-o si-o čâhâr دِویست و سی و چهار [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/47-234/”]
318 sisad-o hijdah سیصَد و هِجدَه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/48-318/”]
493 čâhârsad-o navad-o se(h) چهارصَد و نَوَد و سه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/49-493/”]
531 punsad-o si-o yek پونصَد و سی و یِک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/50-531/”]
306 sisad-o šiš سیصَد و شیش [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/51-306/”]
777 haftsad-o haftâd-o haft هَفتصَد و هَفتاد و هَفت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/52-777/”]
878 haštsad-o haftâd-o hašt هَشتصَد و هَفتاد و هَشت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/53-878/”]
999 nohsad-o navad-o noh نُهصَد و نَوَد و نُه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/54-999/”]
5000 panj hezâr پنج هِزار [sc_embed_player fileurl=”https://farsimonde.com/55-5000/”]