Numbers in Farsi

Persian Digits

Learning numbers in Farsi is not complicated while it is very useful. Going to an exchange office on your arrival is probably the first thing you need to do. In the office, after saying “salâm” you will negotiate over the exchange rate. For asking prices, bargaining, or even giving addresses, learning numbers is a necessity, so try to memorize them during your flight, before landing. But make sure to read these important notes before using numbers.

– Farsi and Dari, are written from right to left, but not when it comes to numbers. In the both languages, numbers are written and read from left to right.

– Numbers are the same in Dari and Farsi, with slight differences in pronunciation. The following table illustrates the mentioned differences.

numbers - Numbers in Farsi
Number Persian Iranian Dari
1 yek yak
6 šeš šaš
17 hefdah hafdah
18 hejdah haždah
200 devist dosad
300 sisad sesad
1000 hezâr yak hazâr

Structure

– In Farsi, nouns coming after numbers are always singular; for instance, “two apples” is translated to “do sib” not “do sib-hâ” because “do” already shows that sib is plural and adding “-hâ” is considered as redundant.

– All ordinal numbers in Farsi end in “om”. The only one that changes totally is “first” which is “avval” in Farsi although you may also hear “yekom” or “naxost”.

– In Farsi, “va” means “and”, but most of the time it changes to “-o” in spoken Farsi. Sometimes this “-o” may lead to misunderstanding, especially when Farsi speakers say the numbers. For instance, 104 is “sad-o čâhâr”, but it may be heard as “sad-do- čâhâr” (100-2-4). So, try to listen very carefully when you are asking prices or phone numbers.

– In Farsi, we usually do not say numbers one by one. For instance, for saying years we say them all together. Take 1982 as an example which is pronounced as “hezâr-o nohsad-o haštâd-o do”. Phone numbers are usually said 3 by 3 or any combination that makes it easier to pronounce or memorize.

A VERY IMPORTANT NOTE:

Talking about prices and money is not easy in Iran. Most probably it is easier in Afghanistan and Tajikistan. In Iran, the currency is called Riyâl, but in our daily conversations we use “Tumân” or “Toman”. Riâl has one zero more than Tumân. Moreover, we usually omit thousand in daily talk. So, when a shopkeeper tells you that a kilo of apples costs 20T, s/he actually means 20.000T which means 200.000R.

Persian Iranian Numbers

English Pronunciation Farsi
0 sefr صِفر
1 yek یِک
2 do دو
3 se(h) سه
4 čâhâr چهار
5 panj پنج
6 šeš شِش
7 haft هَفت
8 hašt هَشت
9 noh نُه
10 dah دَه
11 yâzdah یازدَه
12 davâzdah دَوازدَه
13 sizdah سیزدَه
14 čâhârdah چهاردَه
15 punzdah پونزدَه
16 šunzdah شونزدَه
17 hefdah هِفدَه
18 hejdah هِجدَه
19 nuzdah نوزدَه
20 bist بیست
30 si سی
40 čehel چِهِل
50 panjâh پَنجاه
60 šast شَصت
70 haftâd هَفتاد
80 haštâd هَشتاد
90 navad نَوَد
100 sad صَد
21 bist-o yek بیست و یِک
32 si-o do سی و دو
43 čehel-o se(h) چِهِل و سه
54 panjâh-o čâhâr پَنجاه و چهار
65 šast-o panj شَصت و پَنج
76 haftâd-o šiš هَفتاد و شیش
87 haštâd-o haft هَشتاد و هَفت
98 navad-o hašt نَوَد و هَشت
109 sad-o noh صَد و نه
200 devist دِویست
300 sisad سیصَد
400 čâhârsad چهارصَد
500 punsad پانصَد
600 šišsad شیشصَد
700 haftsad هَفتصَد
800 haštsad هَشتصَد
900 nohsad نُهصَد
1000 hezâr هِزار

Some Random Farsi Numbers

English Pronunciation Farsi
234 devist-o si-o čâhâr دِویست و سی و چهار
318 sisad-o hijdah سیصَد و هِجدَه
493 čâhârsad-o navad-o se(h) چهارصَد و نَوَد و سه
531 punsad-o si-o yek پونصَد و سی و یِک
306 sisad-o šiš سیصَد و شیش
777 haftsad-o haftâd-o haft هَفتصَد و هَفتاد و هَفت
878 haštsad-o haftâd-o hašt هَشتصَد و هَفتاد و هَشت
999 nohsad-o navad-o noh نُهصَد و نَوَد و نُه
5000 panj hezâr پنج هِزار