Animals in Persian

Learning the Name of Animals in Persian?

Animals? At first glance, learning the name of animals in other languages might seem fruitless because you may wonder whether they are of any use in daily talks. However, if you think carefully you will find reasons to learn at least 10-15 of them in Farsi. Have difficulty finding vindications to learn animals’ names? Here are some hints for you:

If you are not a vegan, then you eat animal products. So you need to learn at least 15 names to buy these products or order foods. Can’t you remember all edible animals? No problem, here you can find a few of them:

Crab, shrimp, fish, squid, caw, ship, pig, hen, goose, duck, turkey, rabbit, etc.

Remember that in Farsi we say “gušt” for meat, so beef becomes “gušt-e gâv” (c0w’s meat) and lamb is “gušt-e gusfand” (lamb’s meat) in Farsi.

Keep also in mind that in different religions, eating some animals’ products is forbidden. For instance, in Islamic countries pork, “gušt-e xuk”, is prohibited.

Another Reasons?

You may use animals’ names for the time you get angry or annoyed. Donkey, “xar” in Farsi, is the most commonly used word among animals’ names. “xar” can also mean extremely a lot wherever it is used as a prefix. Take “xarxun” and “xarpul” as examples. The former means a person who is not intelligent but studies a lot, while the latter means a person who is super wealthy but usually does not know how to spend it.

Animals in Persian Literature

There are many other animal names that can be found in Persian poetry, especially various bird species, gazelle, and butterfly. In many fables or moral anecdotes, animals are the main characters and they talk together about very complicated philosophical topics. Moreover, animals play an important role in Persian proverbs and idioms, because they symbolize different characters. They can sometimes bring a good luck or a hard luck to our lives, too. For example, pigeons are messengers and symbol of freedom, foxes are famous for being cunning, cats die hard because they have seven lives and they are malicious, butterflies are lovers who are burning in love, owls bring bad luck, crows symbolize death and nightingales sing love songs.

One of the most famous poems about birds is “manteq-ol teyr”, the Conference of Birds, by Attâr. In this story, all birds gather together to search for the king of birds who is called “Simorq”, literally means thirty birds. The birds have to cross seven valleys to find their God. During this journey, some of these birds get tired and do not continue. In the end, 30 birds reach the final stage and figure out that they are “simorq” themselves. The conversations between birds reveal a very complicated philosophy about Sufism and self-knowledge.

animals - Animals in Persian

Basic Types of Animals in Farsi

English Pronunciation Farsi
animal heyvân حِیوان [sc_embed_player fileurl=”جیوان/”]
animals heyvânât حِیوانات [sc_embed_player fileurl=”حیوانات/”]
wild animals heyvânât-e vahši حِیوانات وَحشی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”حیوانات-وحشی/”]
domestic animals heyvânât-e ahli حِیوانات اَهلی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”حیوانات-اهلی/”]
mammals pestândârân پِستانداران [sc_embed_player fileurl=”پستانداران/”]
birds parandegân پَرَندِگان [sc_embed_player fileurl=”پرندگان/”]
reptiles xazandegân خَزَندِگان [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خزندگان/”]
aquatic animals âbziyân آبزیان [sc_embed_player fileurl=”آبزیان/”]
amphibians dozistân دوزیستان [sc_embed_player fileurl=”دوزیستان/”]
insects hašarât حَشَرات [sc_embed_player fileurl=”حشرات/”]

Mammals  (Wild & Domestic)

English Pronunciation Farsi
cat gorbe(h) گُربه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”گربه/”]
dog sag سَگ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”سگ/”]
caw gâv گاو [sc_embed_player fileurl=”گاو/”]
sheep gusfand گوسفَند [sc_embed_player fileurl=”گوسفند/”]
pig xuk خوک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خوک/”]
goat boz بُز [sc_embed_player fileurl=”بز/”]
camel šotor شُتُر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”شتر/”]
wolf gorg گُرگ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”گرگ/”]
fox rubâh روباه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”روباه/”]
jackal šoqâl شُغال [sc_embed_player fileurl=”شغال/”]
bear xers خِرس [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خرس/”]
polar bear xers-e qotbi خِرسِ قُطبی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خرس-قطبی//”]
deer gavazn گَوَزن [sc_embed_player fileurl=”چوگان/”]
gazelle âhu/ qazâl آهو/ غَزال [sc_embed_player fileurl=”آهو/”]
lion šir شیر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”شیر/”]
tiger babr بَبر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”ببر/”]
leopard palang پَلَنگ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”پلنگ/”]
cheetah yuzpalang یوزپَلَنگ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”یوزپلنگ/”]
jaguar jagvâr جَگوار [sc_embed_player fileurl=”جگوار/”]
monkey meymun مِیمون [sc_embed_player fileurl=”میمون/”]
chimpanzee šâmpânze(h) شامپانزه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”شامپانزه/”]
orangutan orângutân اُرانگوتان [sc_embed_player fileurl=”اورانگوتان/”]
gorilla guril گوریل [sc_embed_player fileurl=”گوریل/”]
horse asb اَسب [sc_embed_player fileurl=”اسب/”]
donkey xar خَر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خر/”]
mule qâter قاطِر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”قاطر/”]
hinny yâbu یابو [sc_embed_player fileurl=”یابو/”]
zebra gur-e xar گورِخَر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”گورخر/”]
mouse muš موش [sc_embed_player fileurl=”موش/”]
rat muš sahrâyi موشِ صَحرایی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”موش-صحرایی/”]
rabbit xarguš خَرگوش [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خرگوش/”]
squirrel sanjâb سنجاب [sc_embed_player fileurl=”سنجاب/”]
marten samur سَمور [sc_embed_player fileurl=”سمور/”]
hamster hamster هَمستِر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”همستر/”]
hedgehog xârpošt خارپُشت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خارپشت/”]
giraffe zarrâfe(h) زَرافه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”زرافه/”]
elephant fil فیل [sc_embed_player fileurl=”فیل/”]
hippopotamus asb-e âbi اَسبِ آبی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”اسب-آبی/”]
rhinoceros kargadan کَرگَدَن [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کرگدن/”]
bat xoffâš خُفّاش [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خفاش/”]
koala kuâlâ کوالا [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کوالا/”]
kangaroo kângoro کانگورو [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کانگورو/”]

Birds in Persian (Wild & Domestic)

English Pronunciation Farsi
eagle ‘oqâb عُقاب [sc_embed_player fileurl=”عقاب/”]
falcon šâhin شاهین [sc_embed_player fileurl=”شاهین/”]
parrot tuti طوطی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”طوطی/”]
sparrow gonješk گُنجِشک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”گنجشک/”]
pigeon kabutar کَبوتَر [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کبوتر/”]
nightingale bolbol بُلبُل [sc_embed_player fileurl=”بلبل/”]
canary qanâri قَناری [sc_embed_player fileurl=”قناری/”]
budgerigar morq-e ‘ešq مُرغِ عِشق [sc_embed_player fileurl=”مرغ-عشق/”]
swallow parastu پَرَستو [sc_embed_player fileurl=”پرستو/”]
rooster xorus خُروس [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خروس/”]
hen morq مُرغ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”مرغ/”]
turkey buqalamun بوقَلَمون [sc_embed_player fileurl=”بوقلمون/”]
quail belderčin بِلدِرچین [sc_embed_player fileurl=”بلدرچین/”]
partridge kabk کَبک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کبک/”]
ostrich šotormorq شُتُرمُرغ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”شترمرغ/”]
woodpecker dârkub دارکوب [sc_embed_player fileurl=”دارکوب/”]
owl joqd/ buf جُغد/بوف [sc_embed_player fileurl=”جغد/”]
peacock tâvus طاووس [sc_embed_player fileurl=”طاووس/”]
crow kalâq کَلاغ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کلاغ/”]
duck ordak اُردَک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”اردک/”]
goose qâz غاز [sc_embed_player fileurl=”غاز/”]
stork laklak لَک لَک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”لک-لک/”]
pelican pelikân پِلیکان [sc_embed_player fileurl=”پلیکان/”]
lark čakâvak چَکاوَک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”چکاوک/”]
barn swallow čelčele(h) چِلچِله [sc_embed_player fileurl=”چلچله/”]
sea gull morq-e daryâyi مُرغِ دَریایی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”مرغ-دریایی/”]

Amphibians and Aquatic Animals in Persian

English Pronunciation Farsi
fish mâhi ماهی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”ماهی/”]
starfish setâre(h)-ye daryâyi سِتاره یِ دَریای [sc_embed_player fileurl=”ستاره-دریایی/”]
jellyfish ‘arus-e daryâyi عَروسِ دَریایی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”عروس-دریایی/”]
whale nahang نَهَنگ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”نهنگ/”]
shrimp meygu مِیگو [sc_embed_player fileurl=”میگو/”]
crab xarčang خَرچَنگ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خرچنگ/”]
squid mâhi morakkab ماهیِ مُرَکَّب [sc_embed_player fileurl=”ماهی-مرکب/”]
octopus hašt pâ هَشت پا [sc_embed_player fileurl=”هشتپا/”]
shark kuse(h) کوسه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کوسه/”]
dolphin dolfin دُلفین [sc_embed_player fileurl=”دلفین/”]
turtle lâk pošt لاک پُشت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”لاکپشت/”]
frog qurbâqe(h) قورباغه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”قورباغه/”]
coral marjân-e daryâyi مَرجانِ دَریایی [sc_embed_player fileurl=”مرجان-دریایی/”]

Reptiles in Farsi

English Pronunciation Farsi
snake mâr مار [sc_embed_player fileurl=”مار/”]
lizard mârmulak مارمولَک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”مارمولک/”]
chameleon âftâb parast آفتاب پَرَست [sc_embed_player fileurl=”آفتابپرست/”]
worm kerm کِرم [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کرم/”]
crocodile temsâh تِمساح [sc_embed_player fileurl=”تمساح/”]
snail halazun حَلَزون [sc_embed_player fileurl=”حلزون/”]

Insects in Farsi

English Pronunciation Farsi
ant murče(h) مورچه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”مورچه/”]
bee zanbur زَنبور [sc_embed_player fileurl=”زنبور/”]
fly magas مَگَس [sc_embed_player fileurl=”مگس/”]
mosquito paše(h) پَشه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”پشه/”]
beetle susk سوسک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”سوسک/”]
grasshopper malax مَلَخ [sc_embed_player fileurl=”ملخ/”]
cricket jirjirak جیرجیرَک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”جیرجیرک/”]
damselfly sanjâqak سَنجاقَک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”سنجاقک/”]
lady bug kafšduzak کَفشدوزَک [sc_embed_player fileurl=”کفشدوزک/”]
stink bug xarčosune(h) خَرچُسونه [sc_embed_player fileurl=”خرجسونه/”]
spider ‘ankabut عَنکَبوت [sc_embed_player fileurl=”عنکبوت/”]