Animals in Persian

animals - Animals in Persian

Learning the Name of Animals in Persian?

Animals? At first glance, learning the name of animals in other languages might seem fruitless because you may wonder whether they are of any use in daily talks. However, if you think carefully you will find reasons to learn at least 10-15 of them in Farsi. Have difficulty finding vindications to learn animals’ names? Here are some hints for you:

If you are not a vegan, then you eat animal products. So you need to learn at least 15 names to buy these products or order foods. Can’t you remember all edible animals? No problem, here you can find a few of them:

Crab, shrimp, fish, squid, caw, ship, pig, hen, goose, duck, turkey, rabbit, etc.

Remember that in Farsi we say “gušt” for meat, so beef becomes “gušt-e gâv” (c0w’s meat) and lamb is “gušt-e gusfand” (lamb’s meat) in Farsi.

Keep also in mind that in different religions, eating some animals’ products is forbidden. For instance, in Islamic countries pork, “gušt-e xuk”, is prohibited.

Another Reasons?

You may use animals’ names for the time you get angry or annoyed. Donkey, “xar” in Farsi, is the most commonly used word among animals’ names. “xar” can also mean extremely a lot wherever it is used as a prefix. Take “xarxun” and “xarpul” as examples. The former means a person who is not intelligent but studies a lot, while the latter means a person who is super wealthy but usually does not know how to spend it.

Animals in Persian Literature

There are many other animal names that can be found in Persian poetry, especially various bird species, gazelle, and butterfly. In many fables or moral anecdotes, animals are the main characters and they talk together about very complicated philosophical topics. Moreover, animals play an important role in Persian proverbs and idioms, because they symbolize different characters. They can sometimes bring a good luck or a hard luck to our lives, too. For example, pigeons are messengers and symbol of freedom, foxes are famous for being cunning, cats die hard because they have seven lives and they are malicious, butterflies are lovers who are burning in love, owls bring bad luck, crows symbolize death and nightingales sing love songs.

One of the most famous poems about birds is “manteq-ol teyr”, the Conference of Birds, by Attâr. In this story, all birds gather together to search for the king of birds who is called “Simorq”, literally means thirty birds. The birds have to cross seven valleys to find their God. During this journey, some of these birds get tired and do not continue. In the end, 30 birds reach the final stage and figure out that they are “simorq” themselves. The conversations between birds reveal a very complicated philosophy about Sufism and self-knowledge.

Basic Types of Animals in Farsi

English Pronunciation Farsi
animal heyvân حِیوان
animals heyvânât حِیوانات
wild animals heyvânât-e vahši حِیوانات وَحشی
domestic animals heyvânât-e ahli حِیوانات اَهلی
mammals pestândârân پِستانداران
birds parandegân پَرَندِگان
reptiles xazandegân خَزَندِگان
aquatic animals âbziyân آبزیان
amphibians dozistân دوزیستان
insects hašarât حَشَرات

Mammals  (Wild & Domestic)

English Pronunciation Farsi
cat gorbe(h) گُربه
dog sag سَگ
caw gâv گاو
sheep gusfand گوسفَند
pig xuk خوک
goat boz بُز
camel šotor شُتُر
wolf gorg گُرگ
fox rubâh روباه
jackal šoqâl شُغال
bear xers خِرس
polar bear xers-e qotbi خِرسِ قُطبی
deer gavazn گَوَزن
gazelle âhu/ qazâl آهو/ غَزال
lion šir شیر
tiger babr بَبر
leopard palang پَلَنگ
cheetah yuzpalang یوزپَلَنگ
jaguar jagvâr جَگوار
monkey meymun مِیمون
chimpanzee šâmpânze(h) شامپانزه
orangutan orângutân اُرانگوتان
gorilla guril گوریل
horse asb اَسب
donkey xar خَر
mule qâter قاطِر
hinny yâbu یابو
zebra gur-e xar گورِخَر
mouse muš موش
rat muš sahrâyi موشِ صَحرایی
rabbit xarguš خَرگوش
squirrel sanjâb سنجاب
marten samur سَمور
hamster hamster هَمستِر
hedgehog xârpošt خارپُشت
giraffe zarrâfe(h) زَرافه
elephant fil فیل
hippopotamus asb-e âbi اَسبِ آبی
rhinoceros kargadan کَرگَدَن
bat xoffâš خُفّاش
koala kuâlâ کوالا
kangaroo kângoro کانگورو

Birds in Persian (Wild & Domestic)

English Pronunciation Farsi
eagle ‘oqâb عُقاب
falcon šâhin شاهین
parrot tuti طوطی
sparrow gonješk گُنجِشک
pigeon kabutar کَبوتَر
nightingale bolbol بُلبُل
canary qanâri قَناری
budgerigar morq-e ‘ešq مُرغِ عِشق
swallow parastu پَرَستو
rooster xorus خُروس
hen morq مُرغ
turkey buqalamun بوقَلَمون
quail belderčin بِلدِرچین
partridge kabk کَبک
ostrich šotormorq شُتُرمُرغ
woodpecker dârkub دارکوب
owl joqd/ buf جُغد/بوف
peacock tâvus طاووس
crow kalâq کَلاغ
duck ordak اُردَک
goose qâz غاز
stork laklak لَک لَک
pelican pelikân پِلیکان
lark čakâvak چَکاوَک
barn swallow čelčele(h) چِلچِله
sea gull morq-e daryâyi مُرغِ دَریایی

Amphibians and Aquatic Animals in Persian

English Pronunciation Farsi
fish mâhi ماهی
starfish setâre(h)-ye daryâyi سِتاره یِ دَریای
jellyfish ‘arus-e daryâyi عَروسِ دَریایی
whale nahang نَهَنگ
shrimp meygu مِیگو
crab xarčang خَرچَنگ
squid mâhi morakkab ماهیِ مُرَکَّب
octopus hašt pâ هَشت پا
shark kuse(h) کوسه
dolphin dolfin دُلفین
turtle lâk pošt لاک پُشت
frog qurbâqe(h) قورباغه
coral marjân-e daryâyi مَرجانِ دَریایی

Reptiles in Farsi

English Pronunciation Farsi
snake mâr مار
lizard mârmulak مارمولَک
chameleon âftâb parast آفتاب پَرَست
worm kerm کِرم
crocodile temsâh تِمساح
snail halazun حَلَزون

Insects in Farsi

English Pronunciation Farsi
ant murče(h) مورچه
bee zanbur زَنبور
fly magas مَگَس
mosquito paše(h) پَشه
beetle susk سوسک
grasshopper malax مَلَخ
cricket jirjirak جیرجیرَک
damselfly sanjâqak سَنجاقَک
lady bug kafšduzak کَفشدوزَک
stink bug xarčosune(h) خَرچُسونه
spider ‘ankabut عَنکَبوت