Iranians, Afghans and Tajiks love literature, poetry in particular; therefore, in their calendars, there are days which are marked as national commemoration days of literary figures.
Ordibehešt 25, May 14, is the National Commemoration Day of Ferdowsi and Persian language. To celebrate this occasion, we had selected seven lines of his renowned epic, šâhnâme(h), book of the kings, to share the joy of immersing in the ocean of his masterpiece. These lines are chosen from the prelude of the popular story of “Rostam” and “Sohrâb”, the story of filicide by “Rostam”, the praised hero of the whole book.
Ferdowsi often starts each story with a moral advice and he does not worry to reveal the end of story from the beginning. In this story, Ferdowsi reveals the sad end, Sohrâb’s death, by analogizing the young hero to unripe “toranj”, bergamot. Falling of an unripe “toranj” is a premonition to the death of a young beloved hero.
In these lines, Ferdowsi questions faith in destiny and emphasizes on the complexity and mysteriousness of God’s will. Ferdowsi satirizes human attempts for understanding the wisdom of God believing that the human’s materialistic mind is not capable of conceiving the universe.