Ashura and the related events have also been widely reflected in Persian Literature. Many Iranian and non-Iranian poets either mentioned Ashura in their poems or turned the events into poetry. One of the most known Persian poems about Ashura and the martyrdom of Hussain is by the 16th-century poet Mohtasham Kashani, with the following opening line
bâz in če šureš ast ke(h) dar xalq-e ‘âlam ast = what is this sensation again amongst all creatures of the world,
bâz in če nohe(h)-o če aza-vo če mâtam ast = what is this sorrow, mourning, and lamentation
Historical and religious allusions, including Ashura, play a significant role in Persian prose. The symbolic representation of Imam Hussain, the oppressed, Yazid, the oppressor, and people disloyal to their leader, the Kufans, is used many times in Persian stories and even political discourse.